In rural communities, there are number of aspects that need to be developed. These include, education, employment opportunities, agriculture and farming practices, administration and management, infrastructure, civic amenities, health care and medical and environmental conditions. When improvements would take place in these areas, then rural individuals would be able to secure better livelihoods opportunities. Furthermore, when approaches and strategies are formulated by the Government, organizations and other agencies, then it is vital to generate awareness among rural individuals and help them in acquiring benefits of these measures and approaches in an appropriate manner. The main areas that have been taken into account in this research paper include, development objectives of rural areas, components of rural development policy, approaches for rural development, strategies of rural development and other strategies promoting rural development.

 

Strategies of Rural Development:

  • The Provision of support to the farmer Groups and the associations in order to build their capacity and supporting the farmer unions.
  • By adopting the localized way of distributing the agricultural products.
  • By adopting the localized way of distributing the agricultural products.
  • Involvement of private sector companies for processing & marketing.
  • By proper and effective communication & quality maintenance.
  • Enhancing and improving rural micro finance services & provision for subsidization for crops.
  • Strategies for the provision of utilization of technology by farmers.
  • Liberalization of the Markets and the Pricing Structures.
  • All weather roads to the rural habitations.
  • Improved economic utilization of agricultural residues, by-products & the recycling of wastes by the establishment of separate recycler plants at the village levels by the support of government and local gram panchayats.
  • Enhancement of linkages and tie-ups of the farmer groups with processors and the buyers for increasing the profits to the farmers.
  • Pests and disease control with the utilization of improved seeds, Bio Fertilizers, Herbicides, and Bio Pesticides.
  • Usage of advanced equipment and machineries that constitutes the technology for the plantation and for the harvesting of the crops that leads to decrease in the labour cost and expenses.
  • Enhancement of the agricultural productivity.
  • Research & Development of the agro processing technologies for the crops.
  • Provision of Support to agriculture related industries.
  • Analysis of complete Agricultural trade and statistics including Tree crops, consumption data, diseases and disease control data, statistics on agricultural products processing & marketing etc.
  • Establishment of farmer care and guidance centers.
  • Establishment of separate teams and committees for the rural development by the central government with special packages and schemes.
  • Increasing the interactions with the agricultural experts for gaining more productivity and rofits.

More than 63% of the Indian population resides in the rural areas and most of the rural people depend on agriculture and agricultural related industries. So there is an overwhelming need to follow the effective rural development strategies for improving the quality of life in the rural areas, self-employment to the rural people and raising the profits to the farmers to improve the Indian economy. The most challenging task is to see whether the funds have been properly utilized and managed. The implementation is to be properly checked to bring the required result in the appropriate time. People in rural areas should have the same quality of life as is enjoyed by people living in sub urban and urban areas.

Rural development aims at improving rural people’s livelihoods in an equitable and sustainable manner, both socially and environmentally, through better access to assets (natural, physical, human, technological and social capital), and services, and control over productive capital (in its financial or economic and political forms) that enable them to improve their livelihoods on a sustainable and equitable basis.

In an agro-based economy, the structure of land ownership is central to the wellbeing of the people. The government has strived to change the ownership pattern of cultivable land, the abolition of intermediaries, the abolition of zamindari, ceiling laws, security of tenure to tenants, consolidation of land holdings and banning of tenancy are a few measures undertaken. Furthermore, a land record management system is a pre-condition for an effective land reform program.

Written By :-

Ms.Ditipriya Das