In recent times Climate change is seen as a global calamity that goes beyond national boundaries. The issue requires harmonized treatments at all levels and global assistance. Climate change is impacting human lives and health in a variation. It endangers the important components of good health – clean air, safe drinking water, nutritious food supply, and safe shelter – and can damage decades of progress in global health.
Scientists say that in between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause nearly 250000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress solitary. The direct damage costs to health are estimated to be between USD 2-4 billion per year by 2030.
Regions with vulnerable health infrastructure – mostly in developing countries – will be the least eligible to cope without assistance to formulate and respond. WHO funds nations in assembling climate-resilient health systems and tracking national growth in nurturing health from climate change.
Lowering emissions from greenhouse gases through better transport, food and energy-use preferences ensue in developed health, especially through decreased air pollution. The Paris Agreement on climate change is therefore potentially the powerful health treaty of this century. WHO finances countries in evaluating the health improvements that would result from the enactment of the prevailing Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Agreement and the capacity for bigger profits from a more ambitious climate strategy.
It is seen that,
The covid-19 pandemic has shown how vulnerable and endangered the world is to international hazards. The consequences of the disease and the measures that have been put up to regulate it have had significant outcomes for lives and livelihoods. In expansion to the disastrous toll of illness and death, economies have been hit hard, extremely in developing nations.
The global acknowledgement of the COVID-19 pandemic has led to an immediate deduction of both GHG emissions and air contaminants. Here, using nationwide mobility data, we calculate widespread emissions and deductions for ten species during the time of February to June 2020. We estimate that global NOx emissions decreased by 30% in April, endorsing a short-term stimulation since the onset of the year. This stimulating direction is invalidated by a ~20% deduction in global SO2 emissions that undermines the aerosol cooling effect, resulting in short-term warming. As an outcome, we calculate that the immediate impact of the pandemic-driven acknowledgement will be negligible, with cooling of around 0.01 ± 0.005 °C by 2030 distinguished to a baseline strategy that pursues current national strategies. In contrast, with economic healing tilted towards the fresh incentive and removals in fossil fuel interests, it is possible to avoid future warming of 0.3 °C by 2050.
Written By: Neha Mandal (Internship trainee)